capital of the island is the beautiful city of Kos, built on the island’s southeastern
side. In the city there are about 18,000
residents of the island's total 34,000. Modern Kos is built on the spot of its
History and culture encompass every corner of the city,
through the ancient ruins and a number of historical monuments that coexist
with present days.
The ancient town of Kos was founded in 366 BC, but its
history reveals that the position was inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC. It
particularly flourished in the Hellenistic and Roman eras, when it was seen as
one of the most important financial and commercial centers of the known world
Upon arrival to the island, its history unfolds to the
visitor, its imposing ancient castle on the harbor and the Governor’s office, dominating the
island’s primary view. Within striking distance, the historic Tree of
Hippocrates, father of medicine rests.
Everywhere one can find scattered samples of cultures that
have passed through the island. Ancient buildings, classical Venetian style
buildings, traditional Dodecanese architecture and modern buildings coexist
harmoniously, whispering of the island’s many conquerors.
Kos, except for being the island of Hippocrates is well
known as the island of cycling. A notable feature of the town is the bicycle
path along the coastal road and in the heart of Kos. A favorite means of
transportation for residents and visitors, offering comfort and flexibility
and, of course, the opportunity to enjoy the sights and natural beauties of the
place, the bicycle is the ideal companion for exploring the island.
Kos Town is considered one of the greenest in the
Dodecanese. Palm trees, bougainvilleas, pines, acacias, oleanders and the
characteristic red hibiscus await the visitor at every step through the city.
Wherever someone stands, he can admire elements of
multiculturalism in Kos. The modern city is a true cosmopolitan city that
offers many options and amenities to its visitors. Accommodation for all tastes
and budgets, restaurants with Greek and international cuisine, modern and
traditional cafes, bars and nightclubs. The market of Kos retains its ancient
heritage and remains known for the huge variety in clothing and souvenirs.
Beautiful beaches, organized or not, sport facilities, water sports, cultural
festivals and cultural events are some of the activities you can enjoy in the
If you select the city of Kos for your stay or for a
visit, do not miss the Archaeological Museum, the Asclepion, the Tree of
Hippocrates, Fortress of Neratzia, Ancient Agora, the Roman house, the Roman
Odeon and the natural beauties, such as the wetland in Psalidi and Therma.