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History

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  • History
  • History
  • History
  • History
  • History
The time marks and the passage of many cultures and civilizations through Kos are alive until today. From the mythological era of Hercules and King Charmilos and the Hellenistic era of Asclepius, the ancient stadium, the ancient agora and the ancient theater, until the present day with the modern infrastructures and residential development, a number of monuments and residues, evidenced in various cultures that have shaped the history and local tradition.

Dozens are the monuments that exist until today, from the Roman Empire where Kos continued its growth, mainly a number of significant statues, the Roman Odeon and the Roman House, from the Byzantine Empire, with the Christian church of St. John being the most significant, but also from the period of the Crusades and the Venetian conquerors the castles of the city of Neratzia, the castle Antimachia, the Castle of Kefalos and the castle of old Pyli. From the Ottoman monuments, the old city of Kos and the mosques throughout the city stand apart, while the modern buildings of the Italian period with the Italian architecture and the infrastructure that exist until today.​​

But the most striking point where visitors can see the remains of all cultures gathered in one place is at the center of Kos, at Platia Eleytherias square.

The history of Kos starts almost since the 3rd millennium BC, in the end of Neolithic period. According to historians, it is the only Dodecanese Island inhabited since then.

Kos is already present in Greek mythology. In the myth of Gigantomachy, someone finds out that the fight the broke out among the gods of Olympus and the Giants took place in the island of Kos. There, god Neptune approaches the Giant named Polybotis, picks up a part of Helona beach at throws it on Polybotis, crushing him with it.

Kos is also connected with the labors of Hercules, whom, according to the legend , was shipwrecked along with a few companions on the northern beaches of Kos , somewhere in the region of Atsas . King Eurypylus considering Hercules as a robber, chased him , causing him to flee in a mountainous place near Pyli . After his victory over the king of Kos, Heracles left for Flegra , having previously acknowledged Chalkona as the legitimate king of Kos, Nisyros , Kalymnos and some other neighboring islands. In this way, the generation of Herakleidon (a region of the island is named as such) dominated Kos, which according to tradition Hippocrates is originated. In historical times Hercules was worshiped on the island of Kos like no one else , as evidenced by the remains of magnificent temples in the city and by anecdotal details such as the name of municipality ofAntimachidon (Antimachia) taken from the name of the Son of Hercules, Antimachos.
Travel Notebook
 
Using the symbol Add points of interest , you can keep in the notebook points of interest and places you like to visit when you come to our island. You can have in your cell phone the list of points via application we have created.